To answer this question, 1st I will ask you to read a short article posted someday back and then follow this article, 2nd will present herewith whatever I see from Triptaka (Manuscripts of Buddha’s Teaching) in short, 3rd will cite first sermon from Buddha called Dhammachakkapavattana Sutta(Setting the wheel of Dhmma in motion).
Cited article link: https://www.facebook.com/barua910/posts/10156368138409302
My views: Start take refuge of 3 Gems which is Buddha(the teachings of the Buddha), Dhamma(is the nature of what-is) and Sangha(monastic community of bhikkhus and bhikkhunis) by saying, I am taking refuge of Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha.
Start Taking Five Precepts: See the Picture attached herewith this Article in regard.
Now if you want to go far please start taking Eight Precept. The first five of the eight precepts are same as the five precepts. Rest 3 are as below:
6th Precept: I undertake the precept to refrain from eating at the forbidden time (i.e., after noon). Keep you healthy.
7th Precept: I undertake the precept to refrain from dancing, singing, music, going to see entertainments. Keep you in mindfulness.
8th Precept: I undertake the precept to refrain from dancing, singing, music, going to see entertainments, wearing garlands, using perfumes, and beautifying the body with cosmetics. Keep you away from luxury.
Now if you can afford more and you want to become a Monk then that called Shramana which is a junior Monk who perform 10 precept stay in a monastery. 1st 8 are the same and rest two are as below:
9th Precept: I undertake the precept to refrain from lying on a high or luxurious sleeping place. Keep you away from luxury.
10th Precept: I undertake the precept to refrain from accepting gold and silver (money). Keep you away from monetary transaction.
Please note e senior Man monk perform 227 precepts and women monk 311 precepts.
If you cannot afford to become a monk still you can go far by taking Adhyattna Precept which is a combination of 227 precepts from meditative aspects. Moreover you can follow manuscripts of Buddha’s teaching which is Tripitaka so learn more and do more. For 227/311/ Adhyattna Precept or any other please inbox me.
Gist of 1st Sermon from Buddha: the Exalted One thus speak unto the company of five monks: Monks, these two extremes should not be followed by one who has gone forth as a wanderer. What two? Devotion to sensual pleasure with reference to sensual objects: base, vulgar, common, ignoble, unprofitable; AND that which is devoted to self-affliction: painful, ignoble, and unprofitable.
Avoiding both of these extremes, the middle way realized by the Tathagata — producing vision, producing knowledge — leads to calm, to direct knowledge, to self-awakening, to Unbinding- Nibbana.
And what, monks, is that middle path which give vision. . . Nibbana? Precisely this is Noble Eightfold Path(description at the end) . This is the middle way— producing vision, producing knowledge — leads to calm, to direct knowledge, to self-awakening, to Unbinding- Nibbana.
Now this, bhikkhus, is the noble truth of suffering: birth is suffering, aging is suffering, illness is suffering, death is suffering; union with what is displeasing is suffering; separation from what is pleasing is suffering; not to get what one wants is suffering; in brief, the five aggregates subject to clinging are suffering.
Now this, bhikkhus, is the noble truth of the origin of suffering: it is this craving [taṇhā, “thirst”] which leads to re-becoming, accompanied by delight and lust, seeking delight here and there; that is, craving for sensual pleasures, craving for becoming, craving for disbecoming.
Now this, bhikkhus, is the noble truth of the cessation of suffering: it is the remainderless fading away and cessation of that same craving, the giving up and relinquishing of it, freedom from it, non-reliance on it.
Now this, bhikkhus, is the noble truth of the way leading to the cessation of suffering: it is this noble eightfold path; that is, right view, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration.
According to this sutra, with the complete comprehension of these four truths release from samsara, the cycle of rebirth, was attained:
Knowledge & vision arose in me: ‘Unprovoked is my release. This is the last birth. There is now no further becoming.
The comprehension of these four truths by his audience leads to the opening of the Dhamma Eye, that is, the attainment of right vision: Whatever is subject to origination is subject to cessation.
In short this unbinding is called “three-round, twelve-permutation of knowledge & vision concerning these four noble truths”.
1rst truth of dukkha/suffering
—is to be comprehended
— has been comprehended
2nd truth origin of suffering: craving cause dukkha
— is acknowledged
—is to be abandoned
— has been abandoned
3rd truth cessation of suffering: cessation is the end of craving
— is acknowledged
— is to be realized
— has been realized
4th truth path to the cessation of suffering: the path leading to cessation
— is acknowledged
— is to be developed
— has been developed
In short Noble Eightfold Path:
1. Right Understanding – Sammā ditthi: Accepting Buddhist teachings. (The Buddha never intended his followers to believe his teachings blindly, but to practise them and judge for themselves whether they were true.)
2. Right Intention – Sammā san̄kappa: A commitment to cultivate the right attitudes.
3. Right Speech – Sammā vācā: Speaking truthfully, avoiding slander, gossip and abusive speech.
4. Right Action – Sammā kammanta: Behaving peacefully and harmoniously; refraining from stealing, killing and overindulgence in sensual pleasure.
5. Right Livelihood – Sammā ājīva: Avoiding making a living in ways that cause harm, such as exploiting people or killing animals, or trading in intoxicants or weapons.
6. Right Effort – Sammā vāyāma: Cultivating positive states of mind; freeing oneself from evil and unwholesome states and preventing them arising in future.
7. Right Mindfulness – Sammā sati: Developing awareness of the body, sensations, feelings and states of mind.
8. Right Concentration – Sammā samādhi: Developing the mental focus necessary for this awareness.
The eight stages can be grouped into Wisdom (right understanding and intention), Ethical Conduct (right speech, action and livelihood) and Meditation (right effort, mindfulness and concentration).
The Buddha described the Eightfold Path as a means to enlightenment, like a raft for crossing a river. Once one has reached the opposite shore, one no longer needs the raft and can leave it behind.